RESEARCH ARTICLE


Application Study of Vascular Interventional Robotic Mechanism for Remote Steering



Zengmin Tian*, Bo Jia, Wangsheng Lu , Rui Hui
Zengmin Tian, MD Department of Neurosurgery, Navy General Hospital 6 Fucheng Road CN–100037 Beijing, P.R. China


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© Tian et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Neurosurgery, Navy General Hospital 6 Fucheng Road CN–100037 Beijing, P.R. China; Tel: +86 10 6878 0358; Fax: +86 10 6878 0358; E-mail: tianzengmin@sina.com


Abstract

Background:

Recently, robotic systems have been introduced as a useful method for surgical procedures. But in the field of vascular interventional therapy, the development of robotic system is slower.

Objective:

The purpose of the study is to verify the reliability and safety of vascular interventional robotic system used in angiography, by the way of in vitro preliminary experiments and animal experiments.

Method:

The approach is to employ a proprietary vascular interventional robot system to complete glass vessel models and animal angiogram experiments. This robot system consists of a console port (remote steering system), an assistant port (propelled and rotation system) and a hydraulic fixing device, upon which surgeons control remotely to make go forward and rotate in the glass vessel models and animal vessels, on the 3D operation interface. Consequently, the operation time and success rate are counted and evaluated.

Result:

In the glass vessel model experiments, the Catheter can enter various kinds of vessel models with inside diameter length greater than 3mm and angle less than 90o. In the animal (adult dogs) experiments, surgeons can accomplish smoothly the angiogram of the renal artery, the vertebral renal and the arteria carotis communis, without any complications of surgery.

Conclusion:

The angiogram by using vascular interventional robot system is safe and reliable. Surgeons can finish the angiogram in part by remote operation, and the result of angiogram can meet a number of simple expectations. However without wire control and force feedback systems, the applicability of this kind of robot system is not flexible enough and need to be improved in the future.

Keywords: Robotic, vascular interventional, remote steering, animal experiments.